APA Manual 6th Edition

ได้หนังสือเล่มนี้มา (จากไหนไม่บอก) “Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association – 6th edition” ปี 2010 ดีใจจัง เพราะชอบถูกถามเรื่องวิธีการเขียนบรรณานุกรมแบบ APA Style อยู่บ่อยๆ แต่มักตอบไปแบบคนไม่รู้จริงอยู่เรื่อย ..



  1. Writing for the Behavioral and Social Sciences
  2. Types of Articles : Empirical Studies (reports of original research), Literature Reviews (including research syntheses and meta-analyses), Theoretical Articles, Methodological Articles, Case Studies

    Ethical and Legal Standards in Publishing

    Ensuring the Accuracy of Scientific Knowledge : Ethical Reporting of Research Results, Data Retention and Sharing, Duplicate and Piecemeal Publication of Data (Duplicate publication, Previously published research, Acknowledging and citing previous work, Piecemeal publication, Reanalysis of published data, Alerting the editor), Plagiarism and Self-Plagiarism

    Protecting the Rights and Welfare of Research Participants : Rights and Confidentiality of Research Participants, Conflict of Interest

    Protecting Intellectual Property Rights : Publication Credit, Reviewers, Author’s Copyright on an Unpublished Manuscript, Planning for Ethical Compliance

  3. Manuscript Structure and Content
  4. Journal Article Reporting Standards

    Manuscript Elements : Title, Author’s Name (Byline) and Institutional Affiliation, Author Note, Abstract, Introduction, Method, Results, Discussion, Multiple Experiments, Meta-Analyses, References, Footnotes, Appendices and Supplemental Materials

  5. Writing Clearly and Concisely
  6. Organization : Length, Organizing a Manuscript With Headings, Levels of Heading, Seriation

    Writing Style : Continuity in Presentation of Ideas, Smoothness of Expression, Tone, Economy of Expression, Precision and Clarity, Linguistic Devices, Strategies to Improve Writing Style

    Reducing Bias in Language General Guidelines for Reducing Bias : Guideline 1: Describe at the Appropriate Level of Specificity, Guideline 2: Be Sensitive to Labels, Guideline 3: Acknowledge Participation

    Reducing Bias by Topic : Gender, Sexual Orientation, Racial and Ethnic Identity, Disabilities, Age, Historical and Interpretive Inaccuracies

    Grammar and Usage : Verbs, Agreement of Subject and Verb, Pronouns, Misplaced and Dangling Modifiers and Use of Adverbs, Relative Pronouns and Subordinate Conjunctions, Parallel Construction

  7. The Mechanics of Style
  8. Punctuation : Spacing After Punctuation Marks, Period, Comma, Semicolon, Colon, Dash, Quotation Marks, Double or Single Quotation Marks, Parentheses, Brackets, Slash

    Spelling : Preferred Spelling, Hyphenation

    Capitalization : Words Beginning a Sentence, Major Words in Titles and Headings, Proper Nouns and Trade Names, Nouns Followed by Numerals or Letters, Titles of Tests, Names of Conditions or Groups in an Experiment, Names of Factors, Variables, and Effects

    Italics : Use of Italics

    Abbreviations : Use of Abbreviations, Explanation of Abbreviations, Abbreviations Accepted as Words, Abbreviations Used Often in APA Journals, Latin Abbreviations, Scientific Abbreviations, Other Abbreviations, Plurals of Abbreviations, Abbreviations Beginning a Sentence

    Numbers : Numbers Expressed in Numerals, Numbers Expressed in Words, Combining Numerals and Words to Express Numbers, Decimal Fractions, Roman Numerals, Commas in Numbers, Ordinal Numbers, Decimal Fractions, Roman Numerals, Commas in Numbers, Plurals of Numbers

    Metrication : Policy on Metrication, Style for Metric Units

    Statistical and Mathematical Copy : Selecting Effective Presentation, References for Statistics, Formulas, Statistics in Text, Statistical Symbols, Spacing, Alignment and Punctuation

    Equations : Equations in Text, Displayed Equations, Preparing Statistical and Mathematical Copy

  9. Displaying Results
  10. General Guidance on Tables and Figures : Purposes of Data Displays, Design and Preparation of a Data Display, Graphical Versus Textual Presentation, Formatting Tables and Figures, Table and Figure Numbers, Permission to Reproduce Data Displays

    Tables : Conciseness in Tables, Table Layout, Standard Forms, Relation of Tables and Text, Relation Between Tables, Table Titles, Table Headings, Table Body, confidence Intervals in Tables, Table Notes, Ruling of Tables, Presenting Data in Specific Types of Tables, Table Checklist

    Figures : Principles of Figure Use and Construction, Types of Figures, Standards for Figures, Figure Legends and Captions, Planning Figures, Preparation of Figures

    Presenting Electrophysiological, Radiological, and Other Biological Data : Electrophysiological Data, Radiological (Imaging) Data, Genetic Data, Photographs, Figure Checklist

  11. Crediting Sources
  12. When to Cite : Plagiarism, Self-Plagiarism

    Quoting and Paraphrasing : Direct Quotation of Sources, Paraphrasing Material, Direct Quotations of Online Material Without Pagination, Accuracy of Quotations, Changes From the Source Requiring No Explanation, Changes From the Source Requiring Explanation, Citations Within Quotations, Permission to Quote, Reprint, or Adapt

    Citing References in Text : One Work by One Author, One Work by Multiple Authors, Groups as Authors, Authors With the Same Surname, Works With No Identified Author or With an Anonymous Author, Two or More Works Within the Same Parentheses, Secondary Sources, Classical Works, Citing Specific Parts of a Source, Personal Communications, Citations in Parenthetical Material

    Reference List : Citations in Parenthetical Material, Construction of an Accurate and Complete Reference List, Consistency, Using the Archival Copy or Version of Record, Order of References in the Reference List, References Included in a Meta-Analysis

    Reference Components : Author and Editor Information, Publication Date, Title, Publication Information, Electronic Sources and Locator Information, Providing Publication Data for Electronic Sources

  13. Reference Examples
  14. Types and Variations

    Examples by Type : Periodicals, Books, Reference Books, and Book Chapters, Technical and Research Reports, Meetings and Symposia, Doctoral Dissertations and Master’s Theses, Reviews and Peer Commentary, Audiovisual Media, Data Sets, Software, Measurement Instruments, and Apparatus, Unpublished and Informally Published Works, Archival Documents and Collections, Internet Message Boards, Electronic Mailing Usts, and Other Online Communities

  15. The Publication Process
  16. Editorial Process : Peer Review, Manuscript Acceptance or Rejection

    Author Responsibilities : Preparing the Manuscript for Submission, Complying With Ethical, Legal, and Policy Requirements, Publisher Policy Requirements, Working With the Publisher When the Manuscript Has Been Accepted, Checklist for Manuscript Submission


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